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Rumeli Fortress (Rumelian Castle) is located at the narrowest point of the Bosphorus.It was built by 7th Ottoman sultan Mehmet II (conqueror) in 1452.Before the conquest of Istanbul the sultan and the grand viziers had decided to take control sea traffic at the bosphorus .Therefore,Ottomans built this fortress on european side which is located opposite of the other fortress on asian side(Anatolian Fortress-1394).They built Rumeli Fortress in 4 months.The Ottomans conquered Istanbul in 1453.

Rumeli Fortress has lots of small towers,each has different height.Moreover,Ottomans built the first mosque of Istanbul in this fortress before the conquest.Ottomans had been used it as a castle in order to control the sea traffic for years.After the many renovations the castle has been used as a open air concert,opera and theatre since 1951.Today,the fortress is an open air museum also.The fortress has a beautiful view of bosphorus and it is worth to visit.

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