Let’s Talk About Cappadocia Region in Nevsehir

2017-07-07About Turkey Standard

Cappadocia

A beautiful and mysterious landscape full of tradition

Cappadocia, Land of the Fairy Chimmneys
Cappadocia (known as Kapadokya in Turkey) is located in Eastern Anatolıa   The name was used traditionally by Christian sources throughout history and is still used internationally to described this unique area of natural landscape characterized by what have become known as Fairy Chimneys!

In ancient times it stretched from The Taurus Mountains in the south, to the vicinity of the Black Sea to the north, the Euphrates to the east and Lycia to the east. It is believed the name was first applied to the area by the Persians.

Cappadocia Background

Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age, and was the homeland of the Hittite Kingdom centered in Hattusa. After the fall of the Hittite Empire, and with the decline of the Syro-Cappadocians they were defeated by the Lydıan Kıng Croesus in the 6th BC, then by the Persian Empire. After bringing the Persian Empire to an end, Alexander the Great tried to rule the area through one of his commanders and Cappadocia lived in peace under until the death of Alexander.  Somehow a Persian aristocrat, Ariarathes, became King of the Cappadocians and under his dynasty Cappadocia first came into contact with Rome, initially as a foe with Antiochus the Great and then later as an ally.

In the Christian era Cappadocia was mentioned in the bible in the Book of Acts 2.9 Cappadocians were mentioned as hearing the Gospel account from Gallıeans in their own language on the day of Pentecost after the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

The Cappadocıan Fathers of the 4th century were integral to much of early Christian philosophy and the Patriarch of Constantinople – John of Cappadocıa who came from Cappadocia, who held this office in 520AD.

Cappadocia also shared an ever changing relationship with its neighbour Armenia, also then a part of the empire.   During skirmishes with the Arabs, Armenians distinguished themselves as soldiers in the Byzantine army, As a result of these campaigns Armenians spread into Cappadocia and further eastward to Mesopotania to form the Kingdom of Cilica.

Cappadocia remained peaceful under the Byzantine era. In the 11th century it became increasingly influenced by Turkish clans as part of the Selcuks   Some converted to Islam but most Cappadocians moved on to the Ionian coast.   By the 12 CAD the Anatolian Selcuks had established their dominance over the region and then by the 15CAD Cappadocia had become part of the Ottoman Empire. Upon the foundation of the Turkish Republic it became part of modern day Turkey.

 

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